From Start to Finish: Phases of Orthodontic Therapy

Orthodontics is a dental super specialty that aims to correct teeth alignment, and bite problems. The procedures help improve the aesthetics and functions like mastication, and speech. Orthodontic procedures are divided into several stages or phases until you achieve the desired results. 

The dentist in Upper East Side, New York, and their team of specialists specialize in several orthodontic procedures that are divided into different phases to ensure an optimal result.

What is the prime goal of orthodontic treatment?

Orthodontic imperfections are common but extremely complex. If left untreated these can lead to a cascade of unwanted consequences and complications, especially in children. This can further affect the permanent teeth eruption and alignment, leading to orthodontic imperfections like overbite, deep bite, underbite, crossbite, open bite, and crowding.

What are the different phases involved in orthodontic treatment?

Orthodontic treatment typically involves three main phases. These include:

  1. Phase 1: Planning 
  • This is the first phase that involves initial consultation and evaluation. 
  • The goal of this phase is to identify the orthodontic problem, i.e. to determine the exact diagnosis.
  • An accurate diagnosis paves the way for an appropriate treatment plan.
  • This phase includes the following evaluation:
    • Assessing dental and medical history
    • Recording oral impressions
    • Taking panoramic X-rays of the jaws and teeth
    • Recording computer-generated images of the head, neck, and face
  1. Phase 2: Active treatment
  • This phase involves the actual treatment when your orthodontist designs an appropriate treatment plan to align your teeth and correct orthodontic flaws. 
  • Your orthodontist may recommend any one of the following devices based on your individual needs:
    • Fixed braces
    • Removable clear aligners 
    • Headgears
    • Palatal expanders
  • These devices involve the following functions:
    • Alignment and leveling 
    • Bite correction 
    • Close spaces 
  • Once the treatment is completed and the desired results are achieved your orthodontist removes the appliances or discontinues their use accordingly.
  1. Phase 3: Retention 
  • When your appliances are removed, your orthodontists will then create a retainer.
  • The retainers ensure that the teeth do not regress to their original position. 
  • You are advised to wear retainers for a specific duration of time each day to allow the bone to reform and stabilize the teeth in their new, correct alignment.


Orthodontic treatment becomes necessary when dental irregularities compromise oral function and appearance. To ensure an effective outcome, orthodontic treatment is divided into three phases, allowing for a comprehensive assessment of individual needs and tailored treatment planning. Gradual progression through these phases is essential to minimize undue strain on the teeth.